Match Play RandA Rule 3.2
Purpose: Match play has specific Rules (particularly about concessions and giving information about the number of strokes taken) because the player and opponent:
- Compete solely against each other on every hole,
- Can see each other’s play, and
- Can protect their own interests.
a Result of Hole and Match
(1) Winning a Hole. A player wins a hole when:
- The player completes the hole in fewer strokes (including made and penalty strokes) than the ,
- The concedes the hole, or
- The gets the (loss of hole).
If the Rule 11.2a, Exception).ball in motion needs to be to tie the hole and the ball is deliberately deflected or stopped by any person at a time when there is no reasonable chance it can be (such as when the ball has rolled past the and will not roll back there), the result of the hole has been decided and the player wins the hole (see
(2) Tying a Hole. A hole is tied (also known as “halved”) when:
- The player and complete the hole in the same number of strokes (including made and penalty strokes), or
- The player and agree to treat the hole as tied (but this is allowed only after at least one of the players has made a to begin the hole).
(3) Winning a Match. A player wins a match when:
- The player leads the by more holes than remain to be played,
- The concedes the match, or
- The is disqualified.
(4) Extending a Tied Match. If a match is tied after the final hole:
- The match is extended one hole at a time until there is a winner. See Rule 5.1 (an extended match is a continuation of the same , not a new ).
- The holes are played in the same order as in the , unless the sets a different order.
But the Terms of the Competition may say that the match will end in a tie rather than be extended.
(5) When Result is Final. The result of a match becomes final in the way stated by the(which should be set out in the Terms of the Competition), such as:
- When the result is recorded on an official scoreboard or other identified place, or
- When the result is reported to a person identified by the .
See Committee Procedures, Section 5A(7) (recommendations on how the result of a match becomes final).
(1) Player May Concede Stroke, Hole or Match. A player may concede thenext , a hole or the match:
- Conceding Next Stroke. This is allowed any time before the
next is made.
- The has then completed the hole with a score that includes that conceded , and the ball may be removed by anyone.
- A concession made while the ball is still in motion after the previous applies to the next , unless the ball is (in which case the concession does not matter).
- The player may concede the next by deflecting or stopping the ball in motion only if that is done specifically to concede the next and only when there is no reasonable chance the ball can be .
- Conceding a Hole. This is allowed any time before the hole is completed (see Rule 6.5), including before the players start the hole.
- Conceding the Match. This is allowed any time before the result of the match is decided (see Rules 3.2a(3) and (4)), including before the players start the match.
(2) How Concessions Are Made. A concession is made only when clearly communicated:
- This can be done either verbally or by an action that clearly shows the player’s intent to concede the , the hole or the match (such as making a gesture).
- If the Rule 14.2). lifts his or her ball in breach of a Rule because of a reasonable misunderstanding that the player’s statement or action was a concession of the next or the hole or match, there is no penalty and the ball must be on its original spot (which if not known must be estimated) (see
A concession is final and cannot be declined or withdrawn.
c Applying Handicaps in Handicap Match
(1) Declaring Handicaps. The player andshould tell each other their handicaps before the match.
If a player declares a wrong handicap either before or during the match and does not correct the mistake before themakes his or her next :
- Declared Handicap Too High. The player is disqualified if this affects the number of strokes the player gives or gets. If it does not, there is no penalty.
- Declared Handicap Too Low. There is no penalty and the player must play off the declared lower handicap.
(2) Holes Where Handicap Strokes Applied.
- Handicap strokes are given by hole, and the lower net score wins the hole.
- If a tied match is extended, handicap strokes are given by hole in the same way as in the (unless the sets a different way of doing so).
Each player is responsible for knowing the holes where he or she gives or gets handicap strokes, based on the stroke index allocation set by the(which is usually found on the scorecard).
If the players mistakenly apply handicap strokes on a hole, the agreed result of the hole stands, unless the players correct that mistake in time (see Rule 3.2d(3)).
d Responsibilities of Player and Opponent
(1) Telling Opponent about Number of Strokes Taken. At any time during play of a hole or after the hole is completed, the
This is to allow the to decide how to play the next and the rest of the hole, or to confirm the result of the hole just completed.
When asked for the number of strokes taken, or when giving that information without being asked:
- The player must give the right number of strokes taken.
- A player who fails to respond to the request is treated as giving the wrong number of strokes taken.
The player gets the general penalty (loss of hole) if he or she gives the the wrong number of strokes taken, unless the player corrects that mistake in time:
- Wrong Number of Strokes Given While Playing Hole. The player must give the right number of strokes taken before the makes another or takes a similar action (such as conceding the player’s next or the hole).
- Wrong Number of Strokes Given After Hole Completed. The player must give the right number of strokes taken:
- Before either player makes a to begin another hole or takes a similar action (such as conceding the next hole or the match) or,
- For the final hole of the match, before the result of the match is final (see Rule 3.2a(5)).
Exception – No Penalty If No Effect on Result of Hole: If the player gives the wrong number of strokes taken after a hole is completed but this does not affect theunderstanding of whether the hole was won, lost or tied, there is no penalty.
(2) Telling Opponent about Penalty. When a player gets a penalty:
- The player must tell the about that penalty as soon as reasonably possible, taking into account how near the player is to the and other practical factors.
- This requirement applies even if the player does not know about the penalty (because players are expected to recognize when they have breached a Rule).
If the player fails to do so and does not correct that mistake before the . (loss of hole)makes another or takes a similar action (such as conceding the player’s next or the hole), the player gets the
Exception – No Penalty When Opponent Knew of Player’s Penalty: If theknew that the player had a penalty, such as when seeing the player obviously take penalty relief, the player gets no penalty for failing to tell the about it.
(3) Knowing Match Score. The players are expected to know the match score – that is, whether one of them leads by a certain number of holes (“holes up” in the match) or the match is tied (also known as “all square”).
If the players mistakenly agree on a wrong match score:
- They may correct the match score before either player makes a Rule 3.2a(5)). to begin another hole or, for the final hole, before the result of the match is final (see
- If not corrected in that time, that wrong match score becomes the actual match score.
Exception – When Player Requests Ruling in Time: If the player makes a timely request for a ruling (see Rule 20.1b), and it is found that the either (1) gave the wrong number of strokes taken or (2) failed to tell the player about a penalty, the wrong match score must be corrected.
(4) Protecting Own Rights and Interests. The players in a match should protect their own rights and interests under the Rules:
- If the player knows or believes that the has breached a Rule that has a penalty, the player may act on the breach or choose to ignore it.
- But if the player and disqualified under Rule 1.3b. deliberately agree to ignore a breach or penalty they know applies, both players are
- If the player and Rule 20.1b. disagree whether one of them has breached a Rule, either player may protect his or her rights by asking for a ruling under